The most common relative pronoun is “que”. It can be used to refer to both persons and things, in either the subject or the object position. “Que” is the Spanish equivalent of the English words who, whom, which, and that. The relative pronoun “quien” is used only to refer to people, and has a plural form “quienes”. (There is no masculine/feminine distinction.) For example, if i wanted to say, “Juan has two dogs that are black”, “juan tiene dos perros que son negros”. My uncle, who is a professor, is coming to visit me today. “Mi tío, quien es profesor, viene a visitarme hoy día.” Relative pronouns are not an easy concept, but today i truly made progress on furthering my knowledge on relative pronouns.
The spanish word “que” has many diffferent uses and meanings. Today in the language lab i learned the true uses and conditions of the word que. Essentially que can mean; that, this, what, were, which, and who. The uses of que truly depends on the context in which it is used. For example, when the subjunctive is used que simply means that. If i were to say, “espero que” i would be saying i hope that. The rest of the uses are for relative pronouns (who, were, where). For example, if i said, “Tengo el libro que buscas.” the translation would be,”I have the book (that/which) you’re looking for.” In this instance que is used as a relative pronoun giving it the translation of which.
I learned about clothing all the way back in level 1 so i thought it would be a good review to refresh my knowledge about clothing in spanish. The following words are new words i learned about clothing today in the language lab. Some i knew already but i believed that i could use the practice.
belt — el cinturón
blouse — la blusa
boots — las botas
cap — la gorra, el gorro
coat — el abrigo
dress — el vestido
gloves — los guantes
hat — el sombrero
jacket — la chaqueta
jeans — los jeans, los vaqueros, los bluyines, los tejanos
miniskirt — la minifalda
pajamas — la pijama
pants, trousers — los pantalones
purse — el bolso
raincoat — el impermeable
sandal — la sandalia
shirt — la camisa
shoe — el zapato
shorts — los pantalones cortos, el short, las bermudas, los culotes
skirt — la falda
slipper — la zapatilla
sock — el calcetín
stocking — la media
suit — el traje
sweater — el suéter, el jersey, la chompa
sweatshirt — la sudadera, el pulóver (with hood, con capucha)
sweatsuit — el traje de entrenamiento
swimsuit — el bañador, el traje de baño
tennis shoe, sneaker — el zapato de tenis, el zapato de lona
tie — la corbata
T-shirt — la camiseta, la playera
underwear — la ropa interior
wristwatch — el reloj
Today in the language lab i continued with the the conditional tense. Today my focus was with the condihttp://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/conditional.htmtional irregulars. I learned that the irregulars in the conditional tense are very similar, if not the same as, the irregulars in the future tense. Some verbs that are irregular in the conditional tense are, caber, poner, decir, haber, salir, hacer, poder, tener, querer, valer, saber, y vener. The irregular stem of these verbs in the conditional are, cabr, pondr, dir, habr, saldr, har, podr, tendr, querr, valdr, sabr, y vendr. These are the stems of the verbs. To conjugate you would simply add the appropriate endings that were included in my last post.
Today in the language i learned about the conditional tense. The conditional tense is used to show what you would do as long as there was the correct condition. For example in english the conditional is used like, “if i had a million dollars i would go to mars.” In spanish, “Cuando yo tengo un millone dollares yo iria a mars”. The endings are the same as the er/ir endings in the imperfect tense. Like the future tense, the endings on the verbs are kept on the end not dropped.
Reflexive verbs are used in both English and Spanish to show who is doing the action of a verb. The reflexive pronouns for Spanish are, Me, Te, Se,Nos, and Se. For example, if i wanted to say, “i wash myself” it would be “me lavo” If i wee to say he cleans himself, it would be “se limpie” Today i leaned the importance of reflexive pronouns and i also learned how to use them. This will greatly improve my ability to speak, read, and write is Spanish.
The future tense in Spanish is a tense used to portray what WILL happen in the far or near future. As far as the conjugation goes it is not that intricate. The ar/er/ir endings are not dropped, instead a universal set of endings are attached to the end of the verb. These endings are:
Yo/ e with an accent
Tu/ as with an accent
el/ella a with an accent
ellos/ellas/ an with an accent
I will go to the market-yo ire a el mercado.
you can get a good a grade
-tu podras un buena nota. (irregular)
we eat every day
nosotros comeremos cada dia.
Durante ese pausa de primavera yo fui a la Nueva York Para visitar mi familia. Cuando yo esta en nueva york, yo visito con mis abuelos. Tambien mi abuela tenia su complanos. Yo celbria con mi mama y mi perrita en nueva york. Yo estaba emocionado porque llegué a ver a mi familia. Yo estaba triste que tuve que dejar en la memoria, pero se trataba de una semana excepcional.