I learned about clothing all the way back in level 1 so i thought it would be a good review to refresh my knowledge about clothing in spanish. The following words are new words i learned about clothing today in the language lab. Some i knew already but i believed that i could use the practice.
belt — el cinturón
blouse — la blusa
boots — las botas
cap — la gorra, el gorro
coat — el abrigo
dress — el vestido
gloves — los guantes
hat — el sombrero
jacket — la chaqueta
jeans — los jeans, los vaqueros, los bluyines, los tejanos
miniskirt — la minifalda
pajamas — la pijama
pants, trousers — los pantalones
purse — el bolso
raincoat — el impermeable
sandal — la sandalia
shirt — la camisa
shoe — el zapato
shorts — los pantalones cortos, el short, las bermudas, los culotes
skirt — la falda
slipper — la zapatilla
sock — el calcetín
stocking — la media
suit — el traje
sweater — el suéter, el jersey, la chompa
sweatshirt — la sudadera, el pulóver (with hood, con capucha)
sweatsuit — el traje de entrenamiento
swimsuit — el bañador, el traje de baño
tennis shoe, sneaker — el zapato de tenis, el zapato de lona
tie — la corbata
T-shirt — la camiseta, la playera
underwear — la ropa interior
wristwatch — el reloj
Today in the language lab i continued with the the conditional tense. Today my focus was with the condihttp://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/conditional.htmtional irregulars. I learned that the irregulars in the conditional tense are very similar, if not the same as, the irregulars in the future tense. Some verbs that are irregular in the conditional tense are, caber, poner, decir, haber, salir, hacer, poder, tener, querer, valer, saber, y vener. The irregular stem of these verbs in the conditional are, cabr, pondr, dir, habr, saldr, har, podr, tendr, querr, valdr, sabr, y vendr. These are the stems of the verbs. To conjugate you would simply add the appropriate endings that were included in my last post.
Today in the language i learned about the conditional tense. The conditional tense is used to show what you would do as long as there was the correct condition. For example in english the conditional is used like, “if i had a million dollars i would go to mars.” In spanish, “Cuando yo tengo un millone dollares yo iria a mars”. The endings are the same as the er/ir endings in the imperfect tense. Like the future tense, the endings on the verbs are kept on the end not dropped.
Reflexive verbs are used in both English and Spanish to show who is doing the action of a verb. The reflexive pronouns for Spanish are, Me, Te, Se,Nos, and Se. For example, if i wanted to say, “i wash myself” it would be “me lavo” If i wee to say he cleans himself, it would be “se limpie” Today i leaned the importance of reflexive pronouns and i also learned how to use them. This will greatly improve my ability to speak, read, and write is Spanish.
The future tense in Spanish is a tense used to portray what WILL happen in the far or near future. As far as the conjugation goes it is not that intricate. The ar/er/ir endings are not dropped, instead a universal set of endings are attached to the end of the verb. These endings are:
Yo/ e with an accent
Tu/ as with an accent
el/ella a with an accent
ellos/ellas/ an with an accent
I will go to the market-yo ire a el mercado.
you can get a good a grade
-tu podras un buena nota. (irregular)
we eat every day
nosotros comeremos cada dia.
Durante ese pausa de primavera yo fui a la Nueva York Para visitar mi familia. Cuando yo esta en nueva york, yo visito con mis abuelos. Tambien mi abuela tenia su complanos. Yo celbria con mi mama y mi perrita en nueva york. Yo estaba emocionado porque llegué a ver a mi familia. Yo estaba triste que tuve que dejar en la memoria, pero se trataba de una semana excepcional.
Today in the language lab i decided to learn some more colors, but colors that were more complex then just green, blue, red, and yellow. I learned 10 new colors in total.
- Amarillo Claro- pale yellow
- Anil – indigo
- Azul Celeste – Sky blue
- violeta – violet
- sepia – light brown
- malva – mauve
- Magenta – Majenta
- Azul zafiro – Sappire
- Cardinal – scarlet
- Caqui – Khaki
The present perfect is a new tense i learned today. This tense is like none i have ever seen before. The verbs them selves do no change much. What is conjugated to identify the person or people being spoken to is the “helping” verb haber that goes in front of each verb. Haber is conjugated to he has ha hamos and han. Then the second verb an ado or ido is added to the end. Er/ir verbs receive an ido at the end while ar verbs recieve an ado. For example, if I wanted to say, :i have ran a marathon”. It would be. “Yo he corrido un maratón”
Today in the language lab i learned the different uses of the words por and para. Both these words mean for but are used for many different purposes. Today i learned that you uses por when indicating duration, reason or motive, emotion, and exchange. Para is used to indicate; purpose, opinion, recipient, destination, and deadline. In addition i learned a few everyday expressions that por and para are used in. For example, por supuesto means of course. Dia por dia means, day by day.
Today i recorded myself speaking a little bit of Spanish. I included all parts of speech; nouns, verbs, pronouns, and adjectives. This is a great reflection of my knowledge when it come to Spanish. The following is a link to a website i created about my high school portfolio. On the page you will see…
Click download file. Depending on your browser, the file will either play in a new tab or it will download to your computer. If it downloads to your computer you can listen to it using windows media player. Here is the link.